Training

The Recruitment and Training Unit works diligently to assure that we recruit hire and maintain the best possible officer candidates. The Captain, Director of Training, works with the local State P.O.S.T. Academy in all aspects of training.

The Sheriff's Office trains its officers and civilians when employed and on-going while also offering training at this facility for personnel from numerous other counties throughout the State.

The Director of Training assures that all officers, civilian staff and volunteers receive and maintain the training hours required by P.O.S.T. and the American Correctional Association.

Course Descriptions

The Recruitment and Training Unit teaches a wide variety of classes that are taught on a quarterly basis.  Some of these classes include, but, not limited to:

 ADMISSIONS AND RELEASE
 This 2 hour block of instruction covers:

 Black's Law Dictionary defines "Booking" as "Administrative steps taken after the arrested person is brought to the police station, which involves entry of the person's name, the crime for which the arrest was made, and other relevant facts on the police "blotter" and which may also include photographing, fingerprinting, and the like."

The booking process is the last stage of the arrest process of an individual. Proper booking is important to ensure a smooth transfer of the arrested from the arresting officer to the detention facility.

AMERICAN JAIL ORIGINS
This 8 hour block of instruction covers:

  • Jails in one form or another: 
    • dungeons
    • bastilles
    • barracks
    • barbed wire enclosures
    • mortar and steel prison-like structures
    • ship hulks, small, medium and large single and multi-storied
    • rural and metropolitan, have been with us in the United States since its very beginning. 

Jails have traditionally served local communities by removing from local society violators of the law.  Incarcerated can be felons, misdemeanants, drunks, other drug abusers, young, old, male, female, infirm, aggressive, assaultive and the list goes on.  The local jail in modern society increasingly serves as a place to protect society or the inmates themselves for whom there is no other community alternative.

This mixture of population is in various stages of criminal justice processing; among the jail inmates are persons who:

  1. Are awaiting arraignment or trial (the unconvicted).
     
  2. Have been sentenced to a term in jail.
     
  3. Have been sentenced to prison but are awaiting transport.
     
  4. Have been convicted of a violation of probation or parole.
     
  5. Have been placed in jail for their own welfare (public assistance to the drunk).
     
  6. Held temporarily for an officer who is transporting an inmate (Federal Marshal passing through town).

CHEMICAL WEAPONS
This  4 hour block of instruction covers:

There are times when the officer encounters situations that call for use of force, but force less than deadly force. With certain situations, the use of chemical weapons will be considered.

SELF-DEFENSE TACTICS OR PPCT
This 20 hour block of instruction covers:

Violence against law enforcement is on the increase and yet the citizens are becoming more and more critical of the use of force by law enforcement officers.  The cry of police brutality is heard with greater frequency.  When an officer is confronted with a situation where he must use force, there is no poorer sight than to see an officer suffer needless injury or humiliation because of his inability to react quickly and effectively and bring the suspect under control.  The law enforcement officer is the glue that holds society together.  If he did not exist, he would have to be invented.

There is always an element of danger in working in a jail.  There are routine activities that are a part of your job, but you should never take your job, or prisoners for granted and your personal safety.

INMATE DISCIPLINE AND GRIEVANCE PROCEDURES
This 4  hour block of instruction  covers:

There are many reasons for establishing a system of discipline but the most important one is to provide for the proper functioning of the jail so that proper control, custody and security of detainees will be maintained.  All jails and detention facilities operate under a system of rules and regulations which govern conduct and behavior of both employees and detainees.  These rules and regulations must clearly state what type of conduct is prohibited and the penalties for violating specific rules to give detainees notice of these requirements.  No matter how carefully officers try to maintain good discipline, disciplinary problems will arise.  To try to avert as many of these problems as possible, officers must supervise detainees closely and try to understand their problems and frustrations by obtaining as thorough as possible a knowledge of the detainees' personalities, potentialities, and characters.

EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
This 2 hour block of instruction covers:

Every jail, no matter how small its inmate population may be, should have plans for emergency situations and every employee of the jail should know the procedures described in the plans, as well as his own roles and responsibilities during an emergency.  Emergency situations which commonly occur in jails or affect jails are fires, riots, natural disasters, escapes, and civil emergencies.

ETHICS AND PROFESSIONALISM
This  4 hour block of instruction that covers:

The correctional officer is a member of the criminal justice system and, as such, has frequent opportunities to demonstrate objectivity and ethical standards.

The successful, professional officer acts in a manner that reflects a belief in the fundamental value of ethical behavior and conducts daily activities in an objective manner striving to be uninfluenced by emotion and personal prejudice.

In taking the oath of office, the correctional officer makes a major change in the direction of his or her life.  The officer does not have just a job, but becomes a part of a growing profession, that of corrections.  In this new venture, the officer gains status in the community that cannot be taken lightly.  Joining a profession places on the individual certain obligations and responsibilities which will be discussed in this chapter.

Much current public and individual concern centers around values or lack of them.  Every aspect of human behavior is influenced by personal values, but values are not easily defined or achieved.  Their definitions and interpretations vary from period to period, location to location, person to person, group to group, and situation to situation.  This chapter deals with two major values - objectivity and ethical behavior, of particular importance to the criminal justice system and their practical application in what professional corrections expects and demands of its personnel.

FINGERPRINTING
This  four hour block of instruction that covers:

Law enforcement thrives on information.  Fingerprint identification is an important source of investigative information.  When fingerprinting is used properly, the officer becomes a more effective and complete officer.

This section will present a general overview of fingerprint identification.  Instructions will be presented for completing the fingerprint card and for obtaining and recognizing the characteristics of a legible set of inked fingerprint impressions.  The last section will discuss latent print searching procedures, latent print developing, and lifting techniques.

An individual's criminal history at the state level does not begin until a legible set of prints are on file with the state.  Since a persons fingerprint card is the foundation for introducing a criminal record, it is most important to take great care in completing a fingerprint record.  With the new AFIS (Automated Fingerprint Identification System) it is even more important to take a legible set of prints the first time.

FIRE SAFETY
This 3 hour block of instruction that covers:

By having a good knowledge of fire safety, officers will help in making the detention facility a safer place for inmates and staff. An officer's main function is  observation. By being observant, fires can be detected and extinguished in earlier stages prior to severe damage, injury, or loss of life.

JAIL CLIMATE
This 8 hour block of instruction that covers:

There are positive and negative ways you can contribute to the climate of the jail.  To a large extent you can determine whether you work in a facility where the inmates are cooperative and where there is a minimum of tension or you can work in a facility with many disciplinary problems, where the inmates are hostile and uncooperative.  You must make a choice between actively and responsible contributing to the climate, or permitting your inmates to contribute in a negative way.  In the former case, you will be in control of your own behavior and that of the inmates.  You will also be in control of the facility.  However, in the latter case, you will be permitting inmates to control you and eventually, they will be setting the jail climate and ultimately be running the facility.

EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES
This 4 hour block of instruction that covers:

Due to the continuous updating of the Emergency Medical curriculum, a section covering this area will not be included in this reference text.  Officers should refer to their First Aid or CPR Manual.

REPORT WRITING

This 8 hour block of instruction that covers: 

A great deal of your time will be spent in documenting incidents and writing reports.  The ability to impart or exchange thoughts or information in writing is a skill that every jailor must possess.  The responsibility for effective written communication rest with you the writer.  You will have to abandon certain excuses you may have used in the past.  No longer can you blame misunderstanding on the "stupid reader."  You will have to make every effort to write with such clarity and simplicity that the reader can understand.  The more you can learn about orderly habits of thought and logical sequence of events and ideas, the better you can organize the material or information you will wish to pass on to others.  Remember, reports reflect the personality and training of their writer.

In any correctional organization, the most essential administrative and operation tool is records.  Inadequate records result in inadequate administration and lack of effectiveness and purpose on the part of personnel.  Since the greater portion of all records originate from submitted written reports, the principles of reporting should be considered, for no officer can be considered wholly efficient until he completely understand and performs the important responsibility of reporting.

BASIC JAIL SECURITY PROCEDURES
This 80 hour block of instruction covers : 

The new jail officer is faced with the task of learning a wide variety of procedures, usually on the job.  This method is inefficient and results in a fragmentation of what are complex and interrelated tasks.  As a result of this fragmentation, the individual jail officer often finds it difficult to relate his work to the work of other officer.  More important, there is no assurance that he knows or will know all the tasks he may be called upon to perform.  To be fully trained, the jail officer must be capable of functioning effectively in any position in the jail.  He must also understand the reasons for specific security procedures used to maintain order and prevent escapes.  The security function primarily is concerned with one of the major goals of jails-protection of the public.  Components of the security function in a jail setting include:

  • Admitting the inmate
  • Escorting inmates to court, other institutions, hospitals, funeral homes, etc.
  • Release procedures
  • Control of contraband
  • Counts
  • Tool, key, and weapons control
  • Control of drugs and medication
  • Use and maintenance of security equipment
  • Development of security policies, plans, and procedures

INMATE MEDICAL SERVICES
This 2 hour block of instruction covers:

Every inmate has the right to receive medication for treatment of an illness or other condition.  Such a right is established by law.  Therefore, there must be well established procedures for handling and administering all medications in the jail.  This applies to prescription as well as non-prescription medications.  In some jails, the jailor has at least some responsibility to administer medicines to inmates, however in many jails, the jailor has total responsibility for this.  As a part of the medical care "team", the jailor must accept this responsibility and follow through with it in a thorough, professional manner.

The specific procedures for medication handling and administration will vary from jail to jail.  The important thing is that there are workable procedures, and that the jail doctor approves these procedures.

SUPERVISION OF INMATES
This 8 hour block of instruction covers:

Jail officers are primarily responsible for the supervision and control of inmates.  This includes:  monitoring inmate activity and movement, particularly for infractions of the rules; intervening when necessary, i.e., when behavior is questionable, disruptive, dangerous, or otherwise unwanted, reporting the inmate's behavior and intervention.  Supervision and control are necessary to:  prevent unwanted occurrences; extinguish unwanted occurrences if they begin; follow through to ensure continuity of discipline and effective communication.

This chapter will focus on the two major tasks of supervision and control, observing and reporting inmate behavior, and the procedures that are involved.  The emphasis is on effective supervision and control, and basic principles and steps for action are established as guidelines.

SEARCHES AND SECURITY INSPECTIONS
This 8 hour block of instruction covers:

One of the most difficult jail officers have is the detection and removal of contraband from the jail.  Monitoring, locating and removing contraband is an on-going, twenty-four a day job:  Visitors must be checked and observed for prolonged contact with inmates or transfer of unauthorized goods; the visiting area must be checked for smuggled items to be picked up by the inmate; the perimeters of the institution must be watched to make sure things are not being passed over the wall or through the fence; shop, kitchen, and supply rooms must be continuously checked for missing equipment; supplies of every kind must be monitored.  The officer's attention to inmate movement, activity rooms, individual cells, and areas such as the kitchen or supply closet where a number of items are readily available, is not enough:  Even small jails have hundreds of places where contraband can be secreted; the constant interaction between inmates means that contraband can always be passed; the continuous stream of visitors and officers changing shifts means that exchanges can go unnoticed.  As a result, detection is always an on-going demanding task.

STRESS AWARENESS
This 1 hour block of instruction covers:

Everyone experiences stress.  It may be the stress of daily living, such as commuting through heavy, noisy traffic, juggling the family budget to accommodate an unexpected dental bill, or having relatives visit for a week.  Or, stress may be from managing a corporation, traveling around the world, and investing large sums of money.

No matter what its sources, stress is not necessarily a problem.  Stress can be positive, an experience of pleasant exhilaration, or negative, a feeling of strain from unrelieved pressure and tension.  Normal, expected stress, from which there is relief, is generally not harmful and can even be a motivating force and energy boost.  Prolonged, unrelieved stress interferes with emotional and physical functioning and increases vulnerability to disease (Adams, 1980: French & Caplan, 1972; Holmes & Rahe, 1967).  How an individual experiences and responds to stress varies, depending on a variety of factors such as physical health, psychological adjustment, environmental influences, and sources of support (these factors will be discussed in more detail in the subsequent material).

ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR AND SUICIDE PREVENTION
This 8 hour block of instruction covers:

It's important to learn to recognize the signs and symptoms of mental distress in the jail environment.  The jail officer who is responsible for the security and safety of jailed individuals must be able to answer such questions to himself as, "Is something wrong?", "Must I take action?", "What would be the most effective?"  How urgent is this relative to the needs of others?"

A mental illness or psychiatric emergency in the jail environment can be recognized as the sudden appearance of unusual, disordered, and inappropriate behavior.  Suddenness seen in terms of an individual's entire life.  The behavior is unusual for the jailed individual, not necessarily for you.  You may have seen it before.  The behavior may be inappropriate by not fitting the circumstances.

UNIVERSAL  PRECAUTIONS AND THE  FIRST  RESPONDER
This 3 hour block of instruction covers:

In 1991, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) set and published the "Occupational Exposure to Blood borne Pathogens Standard."  The purpose of this regulation is to "eliminate or minimize occupational exposure to Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and other Blood borne Pathogens." 

The Blood borne Pathogens Standard applies to facilities or operations where exposure to human blood or other potentially infectious materials is possible.  This was originally aimed at healthcare facilities such as hospitals, clinics, nursing homes, medical laboratories, and blood banks.  The standard however, also affects virtually all first responders, since they are periodically exposed to blood or blood contaminated materials in a number of situations including:

  • Dealing with victims of accidents, illness or violence
  • Cleaning up medical and rescue equipment after its use
  • Contact with trash containing contaminated bandages, personal protective equipment and other supplies.

INMATE  RIGHTS
This 8 hour block of instruction covers:

This chapter is divided into several topics. Each topic will have its own section of text.    The topics are:

  • Medical and Mental Health Care
  • Supervision of the Opposite Sex
  • Conditions of Confinement
  • Due Process
  • Inmate Access to the Legal System
  • First Amendment Rights of Inmates